Feed Enhancement for Ethiopian Development (FEED) III

Background Narrative

Ninety percent of crop production is dependent on draft animals. Despite the scale of the livestock industry in Ethiopia, it is constrained by a lack of quality feed. The FEED program, in its third iteration, aims to increase the incomes of Ethiopian smallholder livestock producers by improving access to, and use of, consistent, affordable, high-quality animal feed that can support greater livestock productivity and efficiency. The current program builds on FEED I, which piloted our approach to feed sector development, and FEED II, which scaled up those efforts and greatly increased feed and forage production capacity. FEED III scales out dramatically to reach even more households. It does so by creating an extensive primary cooperative-based sales and distribution network that provide access to feed resources for livestock-dependent households

  • Deepen capacity of agricultural enterprises to participate at scale in the livestock value chain and strengthen sustainability through greater integration with the private sector
  • Expand trade of agricultural products in the livestock and poultry sectors by enabling growth of feed, forage, fattening, poultry, and dairy enterprises and expanding market opportunities for their products
  • Contribute to increased resilience of livestock-owning households
  • Building institutional capacity of private and public stakeholders by supporting improved feed policies and regulations
  • Build capacity and grow feed sector enterprises through sales and marketing training to cooperative unions, increasing access to finance, and expanding sales and distribution networks
  • Develop sustainable forage production systems through a video training pilot, trade shows, and business-to-business events
  • Help feed manufacturers adapt feed formulations including alternative ingredients: molasses, brewers’ grains, fish meal, and fruit waste
  • Partner with ILRI to build a national feed resource database and improve legal and regulatory environment


  • Over 26,000 farmers now apply new techniques and technologies to their livestock, poultry, and forage activities after receiving training. An additional 73,000 “follower farmers” are also applying the new technologies
  • In the calendar year 2018, 25 farmer unions produced and sold 19,746 MT of compound feed with a retail value of $4,685,044, representing 56 percent and 50 percent increases, respectively, over 2017 performance and 108 percent and 88 percent over that of 2016. Cumulative sales since the first union feed enterprise began production is 55,078 MT and $13,767,153
  • There are now 253 feed sales outlets with almost 3 million agriculture-dependent households within a 10-mile radius of a sales point
  • Cumulative sales of livestock, poultry, dairy, and forage enterprises established with FEED II support have reached $2,298,093
  • 1,196 extension agents and 43,354 smallholders were trained in management practices intended to improve food animal productivity
  • Milk production per cow per day increased over 200 percent
  • The number of cattle fattened by project farmers increased 32 percent
  • The number of eggs produced per household increased 747 percent
  • Household-level sales of cattle, poultry and eggs, dairy products, and feed increased 48 percent (from $487 to $721)


Funder: USDA-Food for Progress
Contact: Johana De la Cruz, JDelaCruz@acdivoca.org

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