Tanzania NAFAKA II: Cereals Market System Development

Increasing Competitiveness of Rice and Maize Value Chains to Improve Nutrition


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Background Narrative

Rice and maize are important staple food crops in Tanzania, produced primarily by small-scale farmers. NAFAKA II, an important component of USAID’s Feed the Future Initiative, builds on the NAFAKA I activity, which has developed scalable models for technological innovation. Coordination with NAFAKA I will enable the NAFAKA II activity to scale successful innovations from NAFAKA I and intensify outreach to larger numbers of actors, primarily women and youth in the rice and maize market systems, increasing both direct and indirect beneficiaries. These market systems will lead to the successful adoption at scale of improved technologies and agricultural practices that increase overall system productivity and competitiveness, and lead to improved nutrition for these targeted smallholders

NAFAKA II activity also builds on the successful food fortification work of the USAID Tuboreshe Chakula activity, which has assisted millers to improve post-harvest handling and production and stimulate demand for fortified maize flour. Investment approaches across the activity will improve the nutritional status of Tanzanians, especially women and children; expand opportunities for benefits and participation by women, youth, and other vulnerable groups; and develop local capacity for sustaining and scaling innovation and benefits.


The NAFAKA II objectives are to improve competitiveness and inclusiveness of the rice and maize value chains, which will lead to increased productivity, profitability, and nutritional well being for target beneficiaries through the following:

  • Input supply system development
  • The development of local institutional and human capacity
  • The improvement of milling and processing of maize and rice produce.


The project activities will be organized under the following three components:

  • The development of local institutional and human capacity
  • Organizational structure, programs, and linkages
  • The operating environment for key actors in the cereal marketing system and value chains for rice and maize. Market systems development will involve strengthened linkages among different groups.


Expected outcomes that will reflect this improved market performance include increases in the following:

  • Rice and maize productivity
  • Small farm profitability and incomes
  • Nutritional quality of food consumed
  • Participation in markets by vulnerable groups (women, youth, resource-poor farmers)


Overall, NAFAKA II will reach the following:

  • An estimated 400,000 beneficiaries over three years of operation
  • 140,000 active members benefiting from well-functioning producer organizations
  • 140,000 farmers linked to miller and processer buyers of grains

Funder: USAID Feed the Future
Budget: $17 million
Contact: Luke Iott, liott@acdivoca.org